Vaccinations are a critical component to preventive care for your dog. Thanks to the development of vaccines, dogs have been protected from numerous disease threats, including rabies, distemper, hepatitis and several others. Some of these diseases can be passed from dogs to people — so canine vaccinations have protected human health as well. Recently, studies have shown that vaccines protect dogs for longer than previously believed. There have also been improvements in the type of vaccines produced. In addition, there is increased awareness and concern that vaccination is not as harmless a procedure as once thought. These factors have led to a growing number of veterinarians who recommend reduced frequency of vaccinations while at the same time tailoring vaccine recommendations to specific risk situations.
To assist veterinarians with making vaccine recommendations for dogs, the American Animal Hospital Association has issued a set of canine vaccine guidelines. Developed by a group of infectious disease experts, immunologists, researchers and practicing veterinarians, these guidelines were first released in 2003 and revised with new information in 2006. One of AAHA’s key recommendations is that all dogs are different — and thus vaccine decisions should be made on an individual basis for each dog. Issues to consider include the age, breed, health status, environment, lifestyle, and travel habits of the dog. Health threats vary from city to city and even in various sections of cities. You can work with our veterinarian to tailor an immunization program that best protects your dog based on his risk and lifestyle factors.
Lameness Diagnostics and Treatment
Lameness is one of the most common reasons for poor performance or discomfort in the horse. Appropriate diagnosis can help direct treatment and get your horse back to performing at their best. Determining the cause of the lameness begins with a skilled examination that may involve diagnostic nerve blocks, radiographs, and/or ultrasound. There are a number of treatment options available at our hospital, including intra-articular injections, stem-cell therapy, platelet-rich plasma, IRAP, physiotherapy, and surgery.
Digital ultrasonography and radiography are available in our clinic or at your barn. These state-of-the-art imaging techniques offer high-quality digital images that can be key to early diagnosis of an injury. Digital images are also utilized during prepurchase exams to detect any potential problems. Additionally, these images are stored digitally for future reference and can be saved on a CD for your own use.
Purchasing a horse, no matter the price, is a tremendous investment. A comprehensive pre-purchase examination can determine the strengths and weaknesses of a new horse. Our prepurchase examination begins with several questions regarding the previous history and intended career of the horse, followed by a comprehensive physical examination to evaluate respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal systems. Based on our examination, we may recommend additional diagnostics such as radiographs, endoscopy, or ultrasound. Upon completion of the evaluation, you will be provided with a written report of our findings.
PAC offers a wide variety of surgical procedures including:
- Cryptorchid castration
Our board-certified surgeon is available for advanced elective procedures. While many minor procedures can be performed in the standing patient, our hospital is also equipped for surgical procedures under general anesthesia. Patients are carefully monitored to ensure their safety.
Internal Medicine & Critical Care
The overall health and performance of your horse depends on proper function of multiple organs (heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, among other). Our internal medicine service addresses any abnormalities that may affect the well-being of your horse. Just a few of the common problem that we frequently treat include heaves, weight-loss, cushings, metabolic syndrome, colitis, and laminitis. We offer comprehensive bloodwork, including in-house CBC and serum chemistry. Digital ultrasound and endoscopy provides images of many internal organs. We also provide hospitalized intensive care treatment for critically ill patients and foals.
Eye problems can cause a substantial amount of pain in your horse and can worsen very quickly. Prompt evaluation is critical to help determine the underlying problem, beginning with a thorough ophthalmic examination. If deemed appropriate, the intraocular pressures may be measured (via tonopen) to evaluate for glaucoma. Ocular ultrasound may be recommended to view structures in back of or behind the eye. Based on findings, our veterinarians will customize a treatment plan for your horse.
Purvis Animal Clinic is available for 24hr emergency service, 365 days a year. One of our doctors can be reached at any time, day or night, to address your emergency concerns. Our portable diagnostic equipment gives us the flexibility to treat your horse at the barn and includes a stall side blood work unit. We also provide hospitalization if more intensive treatment is necessary. And if you contact us in the event that your regular veterinarian is out of town, we will send updates to your veterinarian and answer any questions they may have.
The basis of chiropractic therapy is that proper function of the muculoskeletal system allows the rest of the body, particularly the nervous system to function properly as well, allowing the body to heal itself, fight disease, and maintain optimal health. Chiropractic should be considered for any horse that suffers from neck or back pain, joint stiffness, poor performance, or an altered gait that is not associated with overt lameness.
Acupuncture has been used successfully to treat many acute and chronic conditions. Clinical trials indicate acupuncture may also be effective in performance enhancement and prevention of disease, as it can stimulate nerves, increase blood circulation, relieve muscle spasms, and cause the release of hormones such as endorphins and cortisol, all of which have a positive healing effect on the body.
Every horse should have a dental exam at least once yearly. These exams are critical to ensuring any dental problems are identified early, and treated before they become a larger problem. Our veterinarians will perform a thorough dental exam, taking into account the overall health of your horse, and make recommendations regarding routine dental care and/or advanced dental treatment. Routine dental “floats” involve the use of a powerfloat to properly balance your horses mouth, not merely remove points.
Developing a breeding plan for your mare or management strategy for your stallion can become a substantial investment. Our veterinarians can help you establish a quality breeding program. Mare breeding services include both live-cover and artifical insemination, with fresh, cooled, or frozen semen, and deep horn insemination. We offer additional reproductive services:
- Mare palpation/ultrasound
- Breeding soundness exams
- Early pregnancy detection
- Late-term pregnancy evaluations
Routine Healthcare / Preventative Medicine
Horses should receive regular physical exams and routine vaccines yearly. Our hospital can help customize a yearly preventative care plan to fit the needs of your horse and your budget. In addition, our veterinarians can address any healthcare questions or concerns during the visit, helping you provide the best care that your horse deserves!